Before Islam, women were treated like slaves or property. Their personal consent was considered unimportant. Women were used for one purpose and then discarded. They had no independence they could not own any property. In times of war, women treated as part of the prize and their condition was unbearable. The birth of a daughter in a family was not an occasion of happiness but was regarded as a matter of humiliation. Killing female children was very common and unstoppable.
“And when the news of (the birth of) a female (child) is brought to any of them, his face becomes dark, and he is filled with inward grief! He hides himself from the people because of the evil of that whereof he has been informed. Shall he keep her with dishonor or bury her in the earth? Certainly, evil is their decision.”
And the Quran mentions:
“And when the female (infant) buried alive (as the pagan Arabs used to do) shall be questioned. For what sin she was killed?
Rights of Muslim Women:
The rights of Muslim women were defined by ALLAH. These rights were assigned by the one who created us and who knows what rights are best for female natures. Men and women all descended from a single person, the prophet ADAM (peace be upon him). Islam does not accept for either of them anything but justice and kind treatment.
“And for women are rights over men, similar to those of men over women”
And in the words of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW)
“Assuredly, women are the twin halves of men.”
(Sahih reported by Abu-Dawud (RA)
Because the most basic right of a woman in Islam is the knowledge and recognition that she never has asked for or demanded or fought for a right guaranteed to her by ALLAH himself.
In Islam woman is an independent, unique individual. She has the same responsibilities towards herself, towards ALLAH, and towards other human beings as the male and will be punished or rewarded in the hereafter without discrimination toward her female gender. So, Both men and women are equally encouraged to seek knowledge.
The Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) said
“Education is compulsory for every Muslim”.
In Islam, the right and responsibilities of women are equal to those of men. but they are not necessarily identical with them. So, Equality and sameness are two very different things.
The right of a Muslim woman is to be respected for her mind and for being her own person.