The rights of wives in Islam are specified clearly in the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet Mohammad (SAW). That makes it perfectly clear that women’s rights in Islam are well acknowledged and at ease. Narrated by A’ishah, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said,

Women are the twin splits of men.” (Tirmidhi).

The relation between a man and woman considered as a guardian of their principles and their lives. Because it begin with a wedding pact willingly approved by both of them. It involves the rights and duties of both.

Let’s discuss some basic rights of wives in Islam:

  1. Monetary rights

a) Dowry:

Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) reportedly said that the best Nikkah is the one in which the least amount of expenses are made. It is unjust and unfair that one party bears the expenses that help the couple start a new life. Nikkah is a binding contract and it is senseless to put this much amount of burden on the shoulders of the bride and her family.

“And give to the woman (whom you marry) their mehr with a good heart. but if they, of their own pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it, and enjoy it without fear of any harm (as Allah has made it lawful). Surah An-Nisa: 4

b) Living expenditures:

The husband is answerable for the safety of the family. He should try to make happy his wife and his children. Husband should give them appropriate, good and happy life. One should never depend on whatever his wife keeps or earns. Even if his wife is rich he has no right to take anything without her approval. Allah said,

“Lodge them (the divorced women) where you dwell, according to your means, and do not harm them so as to straighten them (that they be obliged to leave your house).And if they are pregnant, then spend on them till they lay down their burden. Then if they suck to the children for you, give them their due payment, and let each of you accept the advice of the other in a just away. But, if you make difficulties for one another, then some other woman may give suck for him (the father of the child).” (Qur’an 65:6) 

  1. Right of education:

It is the rights of wives to have funds from her husbands to get the required Islamic information that will help her in performing her spiritual responsibilities in the accurate method. Allah said,

“O you who have believed! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.”(Qur’an, 66:6) 

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  1. Respect

Try to respect them and be kind with them. Allah said,

“And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality. live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them – perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good.” (Qur’an, 4:19)

Abu Hurrairah (RA) narrated that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said for rights of wives that to be kind to women. Our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said,

“The most perfect believers in faith are the best in conduct and best of you are those who are best to their wives”. (Tirmidhi)

  1. Not harming one’s wife:

This right includes in basic moralities of Islam because hurting others is haram in the case of harming one’s wife.  ‘Ubaadah ibn al-Saamit explained that the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said about rights of wives as

“There should be no harming nor reciprocating harm.” (Ibn Maajah – 2340)

  1. Khula Right:

A woman has the right to take separation from her husband. This is known as Khul’a, which means that the woman can separate herself by the contract on which both of them agreed. A model example is to look at the household of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and see in him the perfect husband. Countless Muslims said that they love Prophet (SAW) and follow His (SAW) Sunnah. then why don’t they treat their women as Prophet (SAW) used to treat them.

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