Our religion Islam, who guides us about how to live according to Quran and Sunnah. In the same way Islam tell us about some situations for the pronouncing of nikah that recites in Wedding. They are discussed below:
Correct Arabic Form:
Firstly, it seemed to be that the agreement of Nikah must be read in correct Arabic and if the man and woman cannot pronounce the Arabic correctly, they are allowed to be pronounce the Nikah in any other language. You just need to ensure that their pronouncing of Nikah must deliver the correct meaning of that. In Nikah pronouncing, man effectively accepts the woman as his wife and in the same way, woman accepts the man as her husband. This all shows that pronouncing of Nikah are actually meant for acceptance of man and woman as husband and wife. The individual who are pronouncing the Nikah must be rational and young (baligh) enough to recite the Nikah. If the Nikkah is pronouncing by any other person than that person should point the man and woman whom Nikah is been pronounced.
The agreement of the Nikah must be done with the mutual willingness of both man and woman. Allah says:
“And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline (to injustice).” [Sura An-Nisa 4:19].”
If only one word is not pronounced correctly in the Nikah than the whole meaning is changed. As a result, Nikah is not valid and man and woman are not come into being in a relationship of husband and wife. But if all words are pronounced correctly in the Nikah which clearly conveys the general meaning. As a result, this Nikah is valid and man and woman are legally come into being in a relationship of husband and wife. There is no necessity to know the Arabic laws for Nikah pronouncing.
Women Willingness is must:
If Nikah of a woman is pronounced without her willingness than that Nikah is not valid. As mentioned in Quran:
“O you who have believed, it is not legalized for you to inherit women by compulsion. And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them – perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good.” [Sura An-Nisa 4:19]
Also Our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said narrated by Abdullah ibn
“Consult women about (the marriage of) their daughters.” (Sunan Abu-Dawud, Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah), Book 11, Number 2090).
In Islam, there are certain conditions for the Nikah which are not in written form, are clearly approved. The groom and bride should be baligh enough so that they are allowed to get married, no Jehaz are to be paid by the bride family and both husband and wife must fulfilled all the duties. As mentioned in Quran,
“O Prophet, We have made permissible for you the wives whose dower you have paid.” [33:5]