In Islam marriage is considered both social and legal agreement. Marriage contract is signed by bride and groom in the presence of imam or trusted community person who is familiar with the Islamic laws of marriage. The process of signing the marriage contract is private, and involves only the families of the bride and groom.
Conditions of Marriage Contract
Under Islamic law, following conditions must be upheld in order to recognize.
The bride and the groom consent to the marriage, both verbally and in written. This starts through a formal proposal of marriage (ijab) and acceptance of the proposal (qabul). The bride is usually represented by her Wali in the contract. And The bride must express her willingness to enter into marriage.
Mahr is often translated as “dowry” but it is bride’s gift. It is bride’s gift from groom which remains her property as a security in the marriage. The mahr can be cash, jewelry, property, or any other valuable asset. At the time of marriage either full payment or an agreed-upon payment is required.
To verify the contract two adult witnesses are important.