In Islam marriage is considered both a social and legal agreement. The marriage contract is signed by the bride and groom in the presence of an imam who is familiar with the Islamic laws of marriage. But the process of signing the marriage contract is private and includes the families of the bride and groom.
Conditions of Marriage Contract
Under Islamic law, the following conditions must be upheld in order to recognize.
The bride and groom’s consent to the marriage is important, both verbally and written. This starts through a formal proposal of marriage (ijab) and acceptance of the proposal (qabul). The bride is usually represented by her Wali and The bride must express her will as well.
Mahr is often translated as “dowry” but it is the bride’s gift. It is the bride’s gift from the groom. Mehr remains her property as security in the marriage. The mahr can be cash, jewelry, property, or any other valuable asset. At the time of marriage, either full payment or half payment is required.
To verify the contract two adult witnesses are important.