Homosexuality is a big issue faced by modern civilization. In some western countries, gay and lesbian marriages are legal. Homosexuality, in fact, is a deadly germ that is injected in the veins of the modern world. Human rights should not be extended to include human destruction or threats to our life on this planet. This germ is not only limited to the western world but is also spreading rapidly towards the Muslim world and especially the Muslims living in western countries are affected by it. It is very necessary to elaborate on the Islamic point of view on the issue.
In Islam marriage is called Mithaqun Ghalithun. Which means a strong agreement. In Islam Arabic word “Hisn” is also used for marriage. It means fortress. So marriage is considered a fortress of chastity in Islam. Same-sex marriage is in fact against the definition of marriage which is given by different Islamic scholars. Muhammad Abu Zahrah (a modern scholar) defines it like this:
“A contract that results in the man and woman living with each other and supporting each other within the limits of what has been laid down for them in terms of rights and obligations.“
Similarly, Ibn Uthaimeen defines it like this,
Quran tells the story of people of Lut who were punished because of their frequent repetition of this. Quran says,
‘Will you commit lewdness such as no people in creation ever committed before you? For you come in lust to men in preference to women. No, you are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds’ (Qur’an 7:80-81)
GOALS OF MARRIAGE IN ISLAM;-
One of the most important purposes of marriage is to continue and increase the population of Muslims. Clearly, this goal could not be achieved without marriage, but when actions are undertaken in disobedience to Allah, they do not receive the blessing of Allah and the whole society is corrupted. The Prophet (SAW) said,
“Marry, for I will outnumber the other nations by you on Qiyama.” (Ibn Majah – Sahih)
So same-sex marriage in any way does not seem to full fill this goal.
The second purpose of marriage is enjoyment. Islam is a religion that is consistent with the natural instincts and needs of mankind. The desire of men and women for each other is an urge, which needs to be fulfilled. Otherwise, it will be a source of discord and disruption in society. For this reason, the Prophet (PBUH) order all men who are capable of meeting the responsibilities of marriage to do it:
“Whichever of you is capable should marry for it will aid him in lowering his gaze and guarding his body (from sin). As for the one who is not capable, fasting is his protection.” (An-Nasaa’i – Sahih)
So the purpose of marriage in Islam is to create a healthy society and to full fill, the emotional needs of human beings but same-sex marriage does not seems to full fill them.