Homosexuality is a big issue faced by the modern civilization. In some western countries gay and lesbian marriages are legal. Homosexuality in fact is a deadly germ that is injected in the veins of modern world. Human rights should not be extended to include human destruction or threats to our life on this planet. This germ is not only limited to western world but is also spreading rapidly towards Muslim world and especially the Muslims living in western countries are affected by it. It is very necessary to elaborate the Islamic point of view on the issue.
In Islam marriage is called as Mithaqun Ghalithun. Which means a strong agreement. In Islam Arabic word “Hisn” is also used for marriage. It means fortress .So marriage is considered as fortress of chastity in Islam. Same sex marriage is in fact against the definition of marriage which is given by different Islamic scholars.Muhammad Abu Zahrah (a modern scholar) defines it like this:
“A contract that results in the man and woman living with each other and supporting each other within the limits of what has been laid down for them in terms of rights and obligations.“
Similarly Ibn Uthaimeen defines it like this,
Quran tells the story of people of Lut who were punished because of their frequent repetition of this. Q uran says,
‘Will you commit lewdness such as no people in creation ever committed before you? For you come in lust to men in preference to women. No, you are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds’ (Qur’an 7:80-81)
GOALS OF MARRIAGE IN ISLAM;-
On of the most important purposes of marriage is to continue and increase the population of the Muslims. Clearly, this goal could not achieved without marriage, but when actions are undertaken in disobedience to Allah, they do not receive the blessing of Allah and the whole society is corrupted. The Prophet (SAW) said,
“Marry, for I will outnumber the other nations by you on Qiyama.” (Ibn Majah – Sahih)
So same sex marriage in any way does not seem to full fill this goal.
Second purpose of marriage is enjoyment. Islam is a religion which is consistent with the natural instincts and needs of mankind.The desire of men and women for each other is an urge, which needs to be fulfilled.Otherwise it will be a source of discord and disruption in society. For this reason, the Prophet (PBUH) order all men who are capable of meeting the responsibilities of marriage to do it:
“Whichever of you is capable should marry for it will aid him in lowering his gaze and guarding his body (from sin). As for the one who is not capable, fasting is his protection.” (An-Nasaa’i – Sahih)
So the purpose of marriage in Islam is to create a healthy society and to full fill emotional needs of human beings but same sex marriage does not seems to full fill them.