What is Mahr?
Concept of mahr is purely Islamic and mahr is marriage gift which is utterly a divine injection from bride to groom. It is obligatory for a husband to give mahr to his wife. Mahr is essential part of the marriage ceremony and husband takes responsibility of his wife. In Quran Allah says about Mahr
“And give the women (on marriage) their mahr as a (nikah) free gift” (Quran 4:4)
When to be paid…
Mahr is paid to wife from her husband in the form of cash, property or any other thing. Mahr in Islam is an amount or a gift because its criteria is not defined as a law in Islam but according norms and values of society people decide worth. Mahr date is also not fixed it may be paid immediate after nikah or it is deferred to any other date. Paying of mahr is compulsory for a husband to his wife and if it is not paid then in case of death or divorce it’s due on husband; wife can claim it because it’s her Islamic right. In another verse Allah says:
“…So for that pleasure which you have enjoyed from them, give them their prescribed compensation…” [Noble Quran 4:24]
“…All others have been made lawful for you provided you seek (them in marriage) with your property…” [Noble Quran 4:24]
Maximum and minimum limit of mahr:
Mahr is compulsory but those who are poor and they want to fulfill their wish of marriage than about mahr for poor Our Holy Prophet ﷺ said:
“Search for something, even if it is just a ring made from iron.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
Mahr has no maximum limit and it has no minimal requirement in Holy Quran Allah say about mahr
“And if you wish to replace a wife with another and you have given one of them a heap of gold, do not take anything from it. Would you take it as a fraud and a clear sin?” [Noble Quran 4:20]
Mahr should be a gift not a burden:
Mahr should be reasonable which is bearable for men and benefit women in future and mahr should be gift not burden which will create harmony and love between newly wedded couple in a Hadith Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ said:
‘the best woman is the one whose mahr is the easiest to pay.’ (al-Haythami, Kitab an-Nikah 4:281).
Mahr (dowry) is necessary to create love and trust in newly made relationship between husband and wife if you are getting married sooner then you must decide a beautiful gift (mahr) for your wife with mutual consent of you both. Follow the path Allah it will surely lead you towards Jannah.